《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

主流区块链共识算法对比研究

Comparative research on mainstream blockchain consensus algorithms

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作者 邓小鸿,王智强,李娟,王俊彬,黎康婷
机构 江西理工大学 a.应用科学学院;b.信息工程学院,江西 赣州 341000
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文章编号 1001-3695(2022)01-001-0001-08
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2021.06.0210
摘要 共识算法是区块链中的核心技术,直接决定了整个区块链系统的运行效率。对现有的共识算法进行了总结,将其分为基于节点某种属性值证明的共识算法、基于节点投票机制的共识算法和类Paxos共识算法三类。详细介绍了三类共识算法的实现细节,并依据蒙代尔不可能三角理论进行对比研究,给出了共识算法的发展方向,为区块链共识算法的深入研究提供借鉴。
关键词 区块链; 共识算法; 数据一致性; 蒙代尔不可能三角理论
基金项目 国家自然科学基金资助项目(61762046)
江西省教育厅科学技术研究项目(GJJ209412)
本文URL http://www.arocmag.com/article/01-2022-01-001.html
英文标题 Comparative research on mainstream blockchain consensus algorithms
作者英文名 Deng Xiaohong, Wang Zhiqiang, Li Juan, Wang Junbin, Li Kangting
机构英文名 a.College of Applied Science,b.College of Information Science,Jiangxi University of Science & Technology,Ganzhou Jiangxi 341000,China
英文摘要 The consensus algorithm is the core technology in the blockchain, which directly determines the operating efficiency of the entire blockchain system. This paper summarized the existing consensus algorithms and divided them into three categories: consensus algorithm based on the proof of a certain attribute value of the node, consensus algorithm based on the node voting mechanism and Paxos-like consensus algorithm. Then it detailedly introduced the implementation details of the three categories of consensus algorithms, and comparatively studied based on Mundell's impossible triangle theory, and gave the development direction of the consensus algorithm, which provided reference for researchers to conduct in-depth research on the blockchain consensus algorithm.
英文关键词 blockchain; consensus algorithm; data consistency; Mundell impossible triangle theory
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收稿日期 2021/6/18
修回日期 2021/8/5
页码 1-8
中图分类号 TP311.13
文献标志码 A