《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

基于区块链智能合约的应用研究综述

Survey of application research based on blockchain-smart-contract

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作者 林诗意,张磊,刘德胜
机构 佳木斯大学 信息电子技术学院,黑龙江 佳木斯 154007
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文章编号 1001-3695(2021)09-002-2570-12
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2021.01.0004
摘要 通过概述区块链智能合约的运作原理及应用研究现状,对现存项目和存在的问题进行分析总结。首先,基于区块链智能合约整体架构介绍合约模型及运行原理,以Ethereum、Hyperledger Fabric和EOSIO三大区块链平台为例分析智能合约部署原理并对三大平台进行对比分析。针对国内外区块链智能合约的应用研究进行归纳总结,并讨论区块链智能合约未来创新应用和发展趋势。从金融交易、物联网和医疗应用三大应用研究领域介绍了基于Ethereum和Hyperledger Fabric平台的区块链智能合约应用现状,进一步探讨了基于EOS(enterprise operation system)的应用研究和其他应用领域研究现状。最后,从隐私、机制设计与安全、性能和形式化验证等智能合约自身存在问题及三大平台应用存在的不足对区块链智能合约的未来研究方向进行分析和展望。
关键词 区块链; 智能合约; 以太坊; Hyperledger Fabric; EOS
基金项目 黑龙江省自然科学基金优秀青年项目(YQ2019F018)
佳木斯大学优秀学科团队项目(JDXKTDG2019008)
中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2019M661260)
佳木斯大学博士专项科研基金启动项目(JMSUZB2018-01)
黑龙江省省属高等学校基本科研业务费项目优秀创新团队项目(2019-KYYWF-1335)
本文URL http://www.arocmag.com/article/01-2021-09-002.html
英文标题 Survey of application research based on blockchain-smart-contract
作者英文名 Lin Shiyi, Zhang Lei, Liu Desheng
机构英文名 School of Information & Electronic Technology,Jiamusi University,Jiamusi Heilongjiang 154007,China
英文摘要 By summarizing operational principle and application research status, this paper analyzed the existing projects and problems of blockchain-smart-contract. First of all, this paper introduced the model and operation principle of blockchain-smart-contract in the overall architecture, which analyzed the deployment principle of it on Ethereum, Hyperledger Fabric and EOSIO that made a comparative analysis of them. This paper summarized application research of blockchain-smart-contract by domestic and abroad, and discussed its future innovative application and development tendency. It introduced the application status of blockchain-smart-contract on Ethereum and Hyperledger Fabric platform from financial transactions, Internet of Things and medical application, and further probed into the application status of EOS(enterprise operation system) and other application fields. Finally, this paper analyzed and prospected blockchain-smart-contract future research direction through the aspects of itself's existing problems as privacy, mechanism designs and security, performance and formal verification and the shortcomings of application-research process for the three platforms.
英文关键词 blockchain; smart contract; Ethereum; Hyperledger Fabric; EOS
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收稿日期 2021/1/13
修回日期 2021/3/2
页码 2570-2581
中图分类号 TP391
文献标志码 A