《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

基于区块链的航运联盟运力共享利益分配机制研究

Research on benefit allocation mechanism of shipping alliance transportation capacity sharing based on blockchain

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作者 孟召薇,王晓光
机构 1.上海海事大学 物流科学与工程研究院,上海 201306;2.上海立信会计金融学院 工商管理学院,上海 201209
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文章编号 1001-3695(2021)06-005-1631-06
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2020.08.0214
摘要 航运联盟成员在运力合作时,在数据共享和信任方面的协同存在一定障碍,导致联盟利益最大化的目标难以实现,而区块链的去中心化、共识机制、智能合约、分布式账本等特点可以保障联盟利益分配的公开透明,无法窜改。因此,以联盟成员之间的舱位互租为研究内容,将博弈论、数学规划思想和区块链技术结合构建利益分配机制,实现舱位在成员之间的合理分配和联盟利益的最大化。最后,通过区块链的Hyperledger Fabric技术结合算例进行模拟,验证基于区块链的利益分配机制模式比传统模式更有利于联盟内部合作。
关键词 航运联盟; 区块链; 舱位互租; 利益分配
基金项目
本文URL http://www.arocmag.com/article/01-2021-06-005.html
英文标题 Research on benefit allocation mechanism of shipping alliance transportation capacity sharing based on blockchain
作者英文名 Meng Zhaowei, Wang Xiaoguang
机构英文名 1.Institute of Logistics Science & Engineering,Shanghai Maritime University,Shanghai 201306,China;2.School of Business Administration,Shanghai Lixin University of Accounting & Finance,Shanghai 201209,China
英文摘要 There are some obstacles in data sharing and trust coordination when shipping alliance members cooperate. It's difficult to realize the goal of maximizing the benefits of the alliance, and the benefit allocation mechanism within the alliance lacked rationality. The decentralization, consensus mechanism, intelligent contract, distributed ledger and other characteristics of blockchain guarantee the openness, transparency and untampering of the benefit allocation of the alliance. Therefore, taking the mutual rental of shipping space among the members of the alliance as an example, this paper used the methods of game theory, mathematical planning and blockchain technology to construct the benefit allocation mechanism, so as to realize the reasonable allocation of shipping space among alliance members and maximize the benefits of alliance. Finally, through the simulation of Hyperledger Fabric technology of blockchain combined with an example, the benefit allocation mechanism model based on the blockchain is more conducive to intra-alliance cooperation than the traditional model.
英文关键词 shipping alliance; blockchain; shipping space mutual rental; benefit allocation
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收稿日期 2020/8/30
修回日期 2020/10/20
页码 1631-1636
中图分类号 TP311;F830.5
文献标志码 A