《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

双层规划下考虑环境侵害的垃圾分拣中心选址研究

Study on site selection of garbage sorting center considering environmental infringement under bi-level programming

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作者 张晨,刘勤明,叶春明,李冠林
机构 上海理工大学 管理学院,上海 200093
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文章编号 1001-3695(2020)12-025-3645-05
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2019.09.0525
摘要 针对含有害垃圾分拣任务的垃圾分拣中心选址主从博弈问题,提出具有上层奖励机制的双层规划选址方案。首先,将收集点与有害垃圾处理企业作为回收物流发起方构建上层模型,将分拣中心与回收点作为接收方构建下层模型。其次,上下层均引入因有害垃圾存在而带来的环境侵害成本,考虑奖励等级为决策方案使上下层成本相互制约。最后以遗传算法求解算例,通过与单层双目标模型比较,讨论该双层成本模型的设计机制在成本控制上的优势与不足。
关键词 选址决策; 双层规划模型; 环境侵害; 垃圾分拣; 遗传算法
基金项目 国家自然科学基金资助项目(71840003, 71471116)
上海市自然科学基金资助项目(19ZR1435600)
2019年度国家大学生创新创业训练计划资助项目(201910252012)
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英文标题 Study on site selection of garbage sorting center considering environmental infringement under bi-level programming
作者英文名 Zhang Chen, Liu Qinming, Ye Chunming, Li Guanlin
机构英文名 Business School,University of Shanghai for Science & Technology,Shanghai 200093,China
英文摘要 For the problem of the master-slave game of the garbage sorting center with the harmful waste sorting task, this paper proposed a two-level planning and site selection scheme with the upper reward mechanism. Firstly, it constructed the upper model with the collection point and harmful waste recycling logistics enterprises as the initiator, and constructed a lower model with the sorting center and the recycling point as receivers. Secondly, the upper and lower layers all introduced the environmental infringement costs brought about by the existence of harmful garbage and considered the reward level as the decision-making scheme to interrelate the cost of the upper and lower layers. Finally, it solved the model examples by genetic algorithm. By comparison with a single layer dual target model, this paper discussed the advantages and disadvantages of the two-layer cost model on cost control.
英文关键词 site selection decision; bi-level programming model; environmental infringement; garbage sorting; genetic algorithm
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收稿日期 2019/9/2
修回日期 2019/11/1
页码 3645-3649
中图分类号 TU984.11;TP399
文献标志码 A