《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

基于区块链的物联网可伸缩管理机制

IoT scalable management mechanism based on blockchain

免费全文下载 (已被下载 次)  
获取PDF全文
作者 徐晓冰,戚枭宏,王建平,李奇越,孙伟
机构 合肥工业大学 电气与自动化工程学院,合肥 230009
统计 摘要被查看 次,已被下载
文章编号 1001-3695(2020)07-049-2156-04
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2019.01.0022
摘要 为了解决大规模物联网(IoT)设备集中式管理的安全性和可伸缩性问题,提出一种基于区块链技术的轻量级物联网设备可伸缩管理框架。该框架采用区块链网络,在网络中部署智能合约为设备管理提供操作接口,利用设备管理器将轻量级物联网设备独立于区块链网络之外,并改进了区块链中拜占庭容错算法(PBFT)的一致性协议,增加了动态选举机制。仿真实验分别对改进共识算法的性能和机制的可伸缩性进行验证,结果表明,该机制具有良好的伸缩性,设备管理器每秒能响应约1 000次的请求。与传统PBFT算法相比,改进算法提高了交易吞吐量,缩短了交易延时,并减少了通信开销。
关键词 物联网; 区块链; 智能合约; 共识机制
基金项目 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51877060)
本文URL http://www.arocmag.com/article/01-2020-07-049.html
英文标题 IoT scalable management mechanism based on blockchain
作者英文名 Xu Xiaobing, Qi Xiaohong, Wang Jianping, Li Qiyue, Sun Wei
机构英文名 School of Electrical Engineering & Automation,Hefei University of Technology,Hefei 230009,China
英文摘要 In order to solve the security and scalability of centralized management of large-scale IoT devices, this paper proposed a scalable management framework for lightweight IoT devices based on blockchain technology. The framework used a blockchain network, deployed smart contracts in the network to provide an operational interface for device management, used device managers to separate lightweight IoT devices from blockchain networks, and improved Byzantine fault tolerance in blockchains, the algorithm(PBFT) consistency protocol added a dynamic election mechanism. The simulation experiments verify the performance and mechanism scalability of the improved consensus algorithm. The results show that the mechanism has good scalability, and the device manager can respond to about 1 000 requests per second. Compared with the traditional PBFT algorithm, the improved algorithm improves transaction throughput, reduces transaction latency, and reduces communication overhead.
英文关键词 Internet of Things(IoT); blockchain; smart contract; consensus algorithm
参考文献 查看稿件参考文献
 
收稿日期 2019/1/10
修回日期 2019/3/8
页码 2156-2159
中图分类号 TP393.07
文献标志码 A