《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

分段提取函数型数据特征的算法研究

Segmental feature extraction for functional data

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作者 金海波,马海强
机构 1.太原科技大学 数学系,太原 030024;2.江西财经大学 统计学院,南昌 330013
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文章编号 1001-3695(2020)06-032-1765-04
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2018.11.0873
摘要 针对函数型数据分类算法中全局统计特征表达能力有限,且显著点特征易受噪声干扰等问题,提出一种基于统计深度方法的函数曲线特征分段提取算法。首先,利用数据平滑技术对离散观测的数据进行平滑化处理,同时引入函数型数据的一阶和二阶导函数;然后,分段计算函数本身及其低阶导函数的马氏积分深度值,在此基础上构造函数曲线特征向量;最后,给出三种选择调节参数的搜索方案,并进行分类研究。在UCR数据集上的实验表明,与当前其他曲线特征提取算法相比,所提算法能有效提取函数曲线特征,提高分类的准确性。
关键词 函数型数据; 分段特征; 深度函数; 函数型数据分类
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本文URL http://www.arocmag.com/article/01-2020-06-032.html
英文标题 Segmental feature extraction for functional data
作者英文名 Jin Haibo, Ma Haiqiang
机构英文名 1.Dept. of Mathematic,Taiyuan University of Science & Technology,Taiyuan 030024,China;2.School of Statistics,Jiangxi University of Finance & Economics,Nanchang 330013,China
英文摘要 Since the representation ability of statistical global feature for functional data classification algorithm is limited, and the salient point feature is susceptible to noise disturbance, this paper proposed a segmental feature extraction algorithm based on statistical depth notion. Firstly, it used the smoothing technique to pre-smooth the discrete observed data, and introduced the first and second derivatives of the functional data. Then, it calculated depths of Mahalanobis integral of the functions and its low-order derivatives in segments, and thus constructed feature vectors of function curves based on the depth measures. Finally, it selected the optimal number of segments for classification by data-driven, and studied the binary classification of function data. Compared with the other curve feature extraction algorithms, experiments on UCR datasets show that the proposed algorithm performs well in extracting the feature of curve, and improves the classification accuracy effectively.
英文关键词 functional data; segmental feature; depth function; functional data classification
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收稿日期 2018/11/28
修回日期 2019/1/22
页码 1765-1768
中图分类号 TP301.6
文献标志码 A