《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

基于自适应双阈值的计步算法

Pedometer method based on self-adaptive double threshold algorithm

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作者 王岚,彭敏,周清峰
机构 合肥工业大学 计算机与信息学院,合肥 230009
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文章编号 1001-3695(2020)06-027-1741-04
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2018.11.0793
摘要 针对现有计步算法对不同运动状态适应性差的问题,设计了一种基于自适应阈值的计步算法。该算法首先通过智能手环的内置三轴加速度传感器采集用户在慢走、快走以及跑步三种步行频率的加速度数据,经过五点滤波预处理,在自适应时间窗内检测波峰波谷,再将波峰均值和波谷均值的平均值作为上阈值,波谷均值作为下阈值,通过动态阈值判定步数,最后根据行走振幅和行走频率存在的规律性进行假步检测。测试表明,该算法对于不同的用户在三种不同频率下平均计步精度可以达到91.88%以上。
关键词 自适应; 加速度传感器; 动态阈值; 计步精度
基金项目 国家自然科学基金资助项目(61601164,61471156)
广东科技规划项目(2016B010108002)
本文URL http://www.arocmag.com/article/01-2020-06-027.html
英文标题 Pedometer method based on self-adaptive double threshold algorithm
作者英文名 Wang Lan, Peng Min, Zhou Qingfeng
机构英文名 School of Computer Science & Information Engineering,Hefei University of Technology,Hefei 230009,China
英文摘要 To solve the problem that the existing step counting algorithms have poor adaptability to different motion states, this paper proposed a step counting algorithm based on self-adaptive threshold. By using the 3-axis accelerometer sensor in smart bracelet, the proposed algorithm firstly collected the acceleration data when users walked at three frequencies including slow walking, fast walking and running. After five-point filter preprocessing, this algorithm detected peaks and valleys in the self adaptive time window. Then it took the average of the peak mean and valley mean as the upper threshold, and used the valley mean as the lower threshold. Based on this, the algorithm adopted a dynamic threshold analysis to achieve the step counting. Finally, in this algorithm, false steps could also be detected according to the regularity of walking amplitude and frequency. The test shows that the achievable average step counting accuracy of the proposed algorithm is above 91.88% for different users at three different walking frequencies.
英文关键词 self-adaptive; accelerometer sensor; dynamic threshold; step counting accuracy
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收稿日期 2018/11/20
修回日期 2019/1/14
页码 1741-1744,1773
中图分类号 TP301.6
文献标志码 A