《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

双层规划在灾后应急物资调度中的应用综述

Review on application of bi-level programming in post-disaster emergency supplies scheduling

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作者 王付宇,李琰
机构 安徽工业大学 管理科学与工程学院,安徽 马鞍山 243032
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文章编号 1001-3695(2019)10-002-2887-07
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2018.06.0366
摘要 为了减少财产损失和人员伤亡、提高灾民满意度,基于双层规划理论,从应急救援角度出发,对突发灾害事件下的应急物资调度问题进行综述。围绕应急物资调度,从灾后应急现状、应急物资选址—分配、不同约束下的应急物资调度及双层规划和群智能优化算法在应急物资调度中的应用等方面进行梳理和讨论。结果表明,关于灾后应急物资调度的研究,目前主要关注单级应急网络结构,且模型的目标函数和约束条件与实际情况存在着出入,结合应急物资调度实际特征提出改进建议;考虑两级应急网络结构,进而构建双层规划模型,实现上下级目标的联合优化。
关键词 突发灾害事件; 双层规划; 应急物资调度; 应急救援
基金项目 安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目(AHSKY2018D15)
本文URL http://www.arocmag.com/article/01-2019-10-002.html
英文标题 Review on application of bi-level programming in post-disaster emergency supplies scheduling
作者英文名 Wang Fuyu, Li Yan
机构英文名 School of Management Science & Engineering,Anhui University of Technology,Maanshan Anhui 243032,China
英文摘要 In order to reduce property loss and human casualties, improve the satisfaction of the victims, this paper summarized the supplies scheduling problem under sudden disasters based on bi-level theory and from the perspective of emergency rescue. Focused on the emergency supplies scheduling, it carried out the review and discussion from the perspectives of post-disaster emergency status, emergency material location-allocation, emergency supplies scheduling under different constraints, and the application of bi-level programming and swarm intelligence optimization algorithms in emergency supplies scheduling. The results showed that the research on the post-disaster emergency supplies scheduling currently focused on the single-level emergency network structure, and the objective function and constraint condition of the model were different from the actual situation. Combining the actual characteristics of the emergency supplies scheduling, this paper proposed some improvement suggestions. It considered the two-level emergency network structure, and then built a bi-level programming model to achieve joint optimization of the lower and upper level goals.
英文关键词 sudden disaster; bi-level programming; emergency supplies scheduling; emergency rescue
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收稿日期 2018/6/23
修回日期 2018/8/2
页码 2887-2893,2924
中图分类号 TP391
文献标志码 A