《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

基于特征值的黑盒子意义下的特殊门限秘密共享方案

Special threshold secret sharing scheme in sense of black box based on eigenvalue

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作者 张艳硕,李文敬,史国振,蒋华,陈雷,杨涛
机构 1.北京电子科技学院,北京 100070;2.公安部第三研究所,上海 201204
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文章编号 1001-3695(2019)08-043-2444-05
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2018.01.0167
摘要 基于Shamir(<i>n</i>,<i>t</i>)秘密共享方案,提出一个新的门限秘密共享方案。利用<i>n</i>阶矩阵的特征方程具有重根的特点,实现了不同集合中参与者的秘密共享。同一参与集合所对应的次主密钥是相同的,即特征值是相同的,将同一个特征值所对应的不同特征向量作为子密钥,分发给同一参与集合的参与成员。利用黑盒子,同一集合内部成员可以验证自己手中子密钥的真实性,从而达到了防欺诈的目的。分析结果表明,该方案是安全的理想秘密共享方案。
关键词 Shamir(<;i>;n<;/i>;,<;i>;t<;/i>;)秘密共享; 对称矩阵; 特征值; 特征向量; 黑盒子
基金项目 国家重点研发计划基金资助项目(2017YFB0801803)
中国民航信息技术科研基地资助项目(CAAC-ITRB-201705)
本文URL http://www.arocmag.com/article/01-2019-08-043.html
英文标题 Special threshold secret sharing scheme in sense of black box based on eigenvalue
作者英文名 Zhang Yanshuo, Li Wenjing, Shi Guozhen, Jiang Hua, Chen Lei, Yang Tao
机构英文名 1.Beijing Electronic Science & Technology Institute,Beijing 100070,China;2.The Third Research Institute for Ministry of Public Security,Shanghai 201204,China
英文摘要 This paper proposed a new threshold secret sharing scheme based on the Shamir(<i>n</i>,<i>t</i>) threshold secret sharing scheme. Using the characteristic that the characteristic equation of the <i>n</i>-th order matrix had multiple roots, it realized the secret sharing of participants in different sets. The secondary master key corresponding to the same participation set was the same, that was, the eigenvalue were the same. The algorithm firstly used the feature vector corresponding to the same eigenvalue as a subkey, then it distributed the subkey to the participating members of the same participating set. What's more, the members of the same collection could use the black box to verify the authenticity of the sub-keys in their own hands so as to achieve the purpose of fraud prevention. The analysis result shows that this scheme is safe and ideal.
英文关键词 Shamir(< i> n< /i> ,< i> t< /i> ) secret sharing; symmetric matrix; eigenvalues; feature vector; black box
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收稿日期 2018/1/22
修回日期 2018/4/8
页码 2444-2448,2463
中图分类号 TP309
文献标志码 A