《计算机应用研究》|Application Research of Computers

车联网仿真测试评价技术研究综述

Survey on simulation testing and evaluation of Internet of vehicles

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作者 王润民,邓晓峰,徐志刚,赵祥模
机构 长安大学 车联网教育部—中国移动联合实验室,西安 710064
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文章编号 1001-3695(2019)07-001-1921-06
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2018.05.0260
摘要 车联网的大规模部署及其在智能网联汽车领域的广泛应用前需要对其性能及功能进行全面、深入的测试评价,其中通过仿真技术对其进行评价分析是当前的主流测试评价手段。从车联网研究及应用过程中的测试评价需求出发,总结了主流的网络仿真器和交通仿真器,对现有车联网仿真平台进行了分类,研究并对比分析了典型的车联网仿真平台;针对车联网的应用特性,研究并归纳了影响车联网仿真性能的车辆移动模型、信道传播模型及驾驶员行为等;从网络仿真指标、车联网应用相关指标归纳了车联网功能及性能测试的典型评价指标;最后探讨了车联网仿真测试的发展方向。
关键词 智能网联汽车; 车联网; 测试评价; 交通仿真; 网络仿真; 评价指标
基金项目 国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFB0105104)
国家自然科学基金资助项目(61703053)
高等学校学科创新引智计划资助项目(B104043)
国家教育部联合实验室建设项目(教技司(2016)477号)
中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(300102248105,300102248504)
本文URL http://www.arocmag.com/article/01-2019-07-001.html
英文标题 Survey on simulation testing and evaluation of Internet of vehicles
作者英文名 Wang Runmin, Deng Xiaofeng, Xu Zhigang, Zhao Xiangmo
机构英文名 Joint Laboratory for Internet of Vehicles of Ministry of Education & China Mobile Communications Corporation,Chang'an University,Xi'an 710064,China
英文摘要 Large-scale deployment of IoV and its extensive application in the field of intelligent connected vehicle require comprehensive and in-depth testing and evaluation of their performance and functionality. However, testing and evaluation in real environments presents high cost and difficult problems. Therefore, simulation has currently become a mainstream testing tool. This paper first summarized the mainstream network simulators and traffic simulators, classified the existing IoV simulation platforms, studied and comparatively analyzed typical IoV platforms, and then summarized vehicle mobility models, channel propagation models and driver behaviors that affect the simulation performance of IoV based on the application characteristics. It summarized the typical metrics of the functions and performance tests of IoV form the network simulation indicators and relevant indicators for the application of IoV. Finally, it discussed the developing trend of the simulation test of IoVs.
英文关键词 Intelligent and connected vehicles; Internet of vehicles(IoV); testing and evaluation; traffic simulation; network simulation; metrics
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收稿日期 2018/5/2
修回日期 2018/6/15
页码 1921-1926,1939
中图分类号 TP391.9
文献标志码 A